In Czech society the institution of family is influenced not only by the character of modernity itself, but also by the after-November '89 transformation. In a relatively short period of time, new forms of partnership organizations are being strongly manifested, and phenomena, which used to be just marginal, stigmatized, or non-existent, are becoming significant. The focus of the research work of the „Family and reproductive processes“ team lies in the mapping of the phenomena, which are being discovered, or change its importance, and thus influence the form of the Czech family. Evident age shift of fertility, wider social theme of involuntary infertility, voluntary no-couple (singles), a rise of only-child trend, or birth rate after divorce belong to these phenomena. Not of lesser research importance are topics of intergenerational solidarity and aging of the population. On a more theoretical level, the research is framed by the interpretation of childhood significance and fatherhood in various discourses.