Research >> Ethnization, migration, identity >>

Social Construction of Ethnocultural Identities and Dilemmas of Social Inclusion

doc. PhDr. Radim Marada, Ph.D., doc. PhDr. Csaba Szaló, Ph.D.

The classic sociological and anthropological theories thematizing migration represented migrants as subjects that left their homes, broke away from its safety and got into a painful process of assimilation. Migration process was presented there in a tragic form of a story first of all as a loss, self-denial and pitiful exile: the success could dwell only in overcoming the trauma and in the ability to adapt to a new environment. Despite this the presentation can give a true picture of many migrants' experience, it is not sustainable for the current situation of global migration. Present-day sociological and anthropological discourses point out that this classic picture could present one possible kind of migrants, at best. The need for reflexion of old theories inadequacy comes from cases of migrants who have tried and try to keep living relationships with their „left“ homes. The project focuses on the discourse field of social inclusion processes connections and formation of ethno-cultural identities which can be defined by the following key orientation points: (a) „New kind of a newcomer“ as a subject that crosses borders but does not leave his/her home behind completely. (b) Social inclusion of newcomers with diasporic identity. Thanks to social relationships that they keep across time and space, these subjects with this diasporic identity can exist there and here at the same time, in their new as well as old homes. Part of the research is a case study of transnational web of eight university educated young women coming from the same provincial town in the south of Slovakia and at present living in five different countries of the world (the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Germany and the USA).

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