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Czech Republic: Concepts of Social Exclusion/Inclusion and Social Cohesion in the Discourse of Social Policy, Dimensions of Social Exclusion and the Situation of the Excluded

prof. PhDr. Petr Mareš, CSc., prof. PhDr. Tomáš Sirovátka, CSc.

The aim of the project is to find out how the social and political discourse around social exclusion, social inclusion and social cohesion and inclusive policy develop and what options there are for indication, monitoring and analysis of the social exclusion in the Czech Republic? The social exclusion concept does not represent gradation of disparity (as it used to be in the case of poverty concept) but instead of it a mechanism that separates people from the mainstream of society (thus being wider that the poverty concept). In the discourse of EU social policy, social exclusion is defined first of all as a consequence of combined influence of unemployment, low education and qualification, low income, inadequate housing, impaired environment, high level of criminality, inaccessibility of quality medical care and quality education, family crisis, and other social institutions that are key for civil society (church, political parties, civil associations, etc.). In the next phase, the aim of the project based on existing data is to describe the state of social exclusion in the Czech society: to identify the socially excluded or individuals, social groups or social categories endangered by social exclusion, to describe the dimensionality of social exclusion and the intensity of social exclusion in the individual dimensions, and to compare the results to the state known in other countries of European Union. All this on the basis of „Inquiry of social situation of households“ data (ČSÚ 2001), selective inquiry in households with incomes ranging around the existential minimum (FSS 2004) and selective inquiry of social reproduction (FSS 2005). And also with the use of Social Survey data and data from European Community Household Panel.

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